Sunday, June 27, 2010

Global scenario of microbes, infections, antibiotics and resistance - By Dr. A.J. Tamhankar

-Advanced Life Sciences Holdings, Inc. , a biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery, development and commercialization of novel drugs in the therapeutic areas of infection, announced the expansion of its collaboration with the U.S. Government to include the evaluation of Restanza's activity against sexually transmitted infections (STI's), such as gonorrhea.
-Multiple imaging agents with a hybrid imaging technique can be a valuable tool for accurately diagnosing and determining treatment for a variety of diabetes-associated foot diseases.
-What Is A Cryptosporidium Infection (Cryptosporidiosis)? What Causes A Cryptosporidium Infection (Cryptosporidiosis)?
-A team from the Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research has revealed that a small chemical, made by the superbug Staphylococcus aureus and its drug-resistant forms, determines this disease's strength and ability to infect.
-Electronic health records can significantly shorten treatment times for patients diagnosed with chlamydia,
-In a clinical trial involving HIV-negative volunteers with early-stage syphilis, researchers have found that azithromycin pills are as effective as penicillin injections in curing early-stage syphilis. -Biosensors Reveal How Single Bacterium Gets The Message To Split Into A Swimming And A Stay-Put Cell
-Keyboards located in triage and registration areas were found to be more contaminated with bacteria than those in other areas of the Emergency Department, "Contamination was predominantly found in non-treatment areas,"
-BD Announces First FDA-Cleared Assay On The BD MAX™ System To Detect Group B Streptococcus
-Researchers have discovered a new strain of bacteria that help degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, environmental pollutants that are the most harmful aspects of oil spills.
-HPA Urges Fans To practise safe sex, by using a condom, to reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infection while in South Africa for The World Cup."
-Eliminating Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections: Avoid Catheter Use
-How Bacteria Make Syringesto inject virulence factors directly into the host cell.
-Texas Tech University announced Wednesday the signing of an exclusive worldwide license agreement for a chemical additive called an aptamer that makes certain existing antibiotics viable against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
-Center for Global Development (CGD) report. while talking of The Race Against Drug Resistance says The growing threat of drug resistance, which will increasingly leave more and more people vulnerable to diseases that were once easier to treat, requires a systematic global response, and says further that the Global Drug Distribution Programs is One Factor In Hastening Drug Resistance.
-Risk Factors for Antibiotic-Resistant Escherichia coli Carriage in Young Children in Peru: Community-Based Cross-Sectional Prevalence Study
-Researchers have found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in seven species of sharks and redfish captured in waters off Belize, Florida, Louisiana and Massachusetts in USA.
-Scientists Watch As E. Coli Bacteria Evolve Heat Resistance Under Stress
-Altered Virus Becomes Medicine

Monday, June 21, 2010

Global scenario of microbes, infections, antibiotics and resistance - By Dr. A.J. Tamhankar

-Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance in individual patients: systematic review and meta-analysis
-American Society for Microbiology Comments on Antimicrobial Resistance
-PhD student position at the Center for Systems Microbiology,Technical University Denmark:
The project is aimed at improving our understanding of how antibiotic resistance develops in microbial communities, including the human microbiome, and how human genetic host factors influence microbiome composition and its antibiotic resistance.
-Why Do Beta-Lactams Cause Rashes?
-A Fast and Highly Sensitive Blood Culture PCR Method for Clinical Detection of Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhi
-LRSA---Spanish Hospital Sees Outbreak of Linezolid-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
-Worst hospitals in Britain for HAI-superbugs
-American Medical Association (AMA) proposes a multi-faceted approach to combating antibiotic resistance
-Several American Health care societies join together to develop new Guidelines for the Prevention of Antimicrobial Resistance in Hospitals
-Effect of antibiotics in the environment on microbial populations.
-Using an advanced genetic screening technique- DNA microarray technology, ARS-USA has detected over 700 genes that give microbes like Salmonella, E. coli, Campylobacter, Listeria, and Enterococcus the ability to resist antibiotics and other antimicrobial compounds.
-Protein CCL5 may fight against tuberculosis
-Newly released IFT Expert Report elucidates the implications of antimicrobial uses throughout the food system.
-Health implication of urine therapy practiced in Africa
-Talking to Female Patients About Sexual Health: Overcoming Common Communication Challenges

Saturday, June 12, 2010

Global scenario of microbes, infections, antibiotics and resistance - By Dr. A.J. Tamhankar

-Azithromycin May Not Improve Lung Function in Patients With CF Uninfected With Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Predicting Colorectal Cancer With The Help Of Bacteria -Recent findings suggest that bacteria residing in the the human intestinal tract may be associated with an individual's risk of developing colon cancer. Say Scientists from the University of Florida
-New Bacterial Signaling Molecule Could Lead To Improved Vaccines.
-Early Antibiotic Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes For Patients With Acute Exacerbations Of COPD
-An active compound - plectasin - found in fungi and lower animals could well be an effective weapon against hazardous bacteria. Plectasin, a small protein molecule, can even destroy extremely resistant bacteria . Scientists at the Universities of Bonn, Utrecht, Aalborg and of the Danish company Novozymes AS are able to explain how the substance does this. The researchers believe plectasin is a promising lead compound for new antibiotics.
-AdvanDx To Offer BinaxNOW® PBP2a Test For Rapid Detection Of PBP2a In Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
-Progenics Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: PGNX) announced the presentation of preclinical data on novel monoclonal antibodies against toxins produced by the bacterium Clostridium difficile (C. difficile).
-Unlocking The Keys To H. pylori's Helical Structure May Lead To Better Antibiotic Drugs For Diseases From Ulcers To Diarrhea And Cholera : Say researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
-Researchers in the US have developed a new type of treatment that could herald a new approach to fighting infectious diseases that stimulates the immune system to protect the body against a range of bacteria instead of relying on antibiotics to attack them directly, (which leads to the emergence of resistant strains of pathogens.
-A defective, mutant strain of the bacterium that causes gum disease could provide a clue to potential treatments for Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a number of other diseases. Say Researchers from the University of Florida
-A new "tree of life" has been constructed by researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) at Virginia Tech for the gamma-proteobacteria, a large group of medically and scientifically important bacteria that includes Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, and other disease-causing organisms.
-A research appearing in Nature, with the participation of doctors Susana Campoy and Jordi Barbé from the Department of Genetics and Microbiology at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, demonstrates that bacteria have a surprising mechanism to transfer virulent genes causing infections. The research describes an unprecedented evolutionary adaptation and could contribute to finding new ways of treating and preventing bacterial infections.
-The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) has published an analysis of 178 genomes from microbes that live in or on the human body.
-What Is Cholera? What Causes Cholera?
-US Army scientists have discovered a way to "trick" the bacterium that causes anthrax into shedding its protective covering, making it easier for the body's immune system to mount a defense. The study, which appears in this month's issue of the journal MICROBIOLOGY, could lead to new approaches for treating anthrax infection.
-Prevention strategies for antimicrobial resistance: A review
-ReAct Urges Transatlantic Taskforce to take Global Approach on AMR
-UK – new PM Cameron: HAI figures to be published every week, for every hospital – move to give patients the ability to choose according to performance of NHS hospitals - Telegraph

Read The ``TRUE LIFE STORY``of a family infected with MRSA